Showing 57671-57680 of 63704 results
- DocumentBrookings Institution, 2001As the world's only super-power and a major humanitarian aid donor, the United States has a critical role in shaping the response to these emergencies.This policy briefing states that whether or not the Bush administration decides to maintain American leadership in this area, it will have to develop firm guidelines for humanitarian action in the cases it chooses to address.DocumentMiddle East Report, 2001This article discusses the politics of power associated with political Islam and fundamentalist puritanism within certain elements of Islam (particularly wahhabism).The article concludes that:the argument that the Islamic concept of jihad is to blame for war and contemporary violence is anachronistic and Orientalism.DocumentMiddle East Report, 1999This article situates the Afghan crisis within a historical framework.The article conclcudes that: the increasingly transnational ties that have linked the Taliban to other Islamist insurgencies in the region, including the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), argue against understanding the war as a civil war, even one supported by outside actorsgiven the long-standing and regiDocumentMiddle East Report, 2001This article discusses the refugee situation in Afghanistan and surrounding countries.The article finds that:inside Afghanistan, millions of Afghans rely on international food aid for survivalthe international community has left Pakistan to manage the flood of refugees into its country on its own in a faltering economythere has been increasing hostility to Afghan refugee withinDocumentInternational Confederation of Free Trade Unions, 2001As we enter the 21st century, millions of people around the world are subject to forced labour.Where forced labour is used, a range of associated human rights abuses frequently take place, including slavery, rape, torture and murder.The aim of this booklet is to raise awareness of these facts and encourage trade unions, non-governmental organisations, policy makers and members of the publicDocumentUnited Nations [UN] Research Institute for Social Development, 2001This article looks at options for renewed development policy, particularly in relation to globalisation and national policy-making.This article finds that:a consequence of globalisation has been the exposure of economies to speculative short term capital movements (hot money) which have increased financial instability and resulted in a series of financial crises in the developing countrDocumentUnited Nations [UN] Research Institute for Social Development, 2001This article discusses the new development agenda and means of challenging the reigning neoliberal paradigm. The limitations of this competitive equilibrium model are widely recognized; it provides an inadequate model of developed countries, and therefore a poor starting point for the construction of a model for developing economies.DocumentUnited Nations [UN] Research Institute for Social Development, 2001This article focuses on the role that economist and policy analysts can play in shaping the parameters of the current debate in the direction development economics should take.The article finds that:the creditors' cartel of the IMF and the World Bank, and the dominance of neoliberal policies and ideas are maintained today through a combination of secrecy, unaccountability, and a lack ofDocumentInternational Programs Center, Population Division of the U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2001The world's population age 65 and older is growing by an unprecedented 800,000 people a month, and according to this report this phenomenon of global aging will continue well into the 21st century, with the numbers and proportions of older people continuing to rise in both developed and developing worlds. The pace of population aging, the report finds, varies widely among countries.DocumentEuropean NGOs for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, Population and Development, 2003Directory of funding from all major European budget lines in the field of sustainable development.The Guide is a reference work for development organisations and provides an overview of available public funding from 15 European countries and the European Community (amounting to over Euro 33 billion of funds available for development work, including SRH, HIV/AIDS etc.).