Current developments in pilot Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of developing countries (NAMAs)

Current developments in pilot Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of developing countries (NAMAs)

What is the status of NAMAs in developing countries?

This paper analyses current developments in 16 pilot Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) which are currently under development. It presents the geographical and sectoral distribution of the 16 NAMAs and compares them to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). It presents an analysis of the NAMAs with respect to GHG emission reduction potential, GHG calculations, measuring, reporting and verification (MRV), cost calculations, barrier and risk assessments, sustainability benefits and financing structures.

The paper reports that the analysed NAMAs differ substantially in terms of format and level of sophistication. While some of them are still mere sketches or short policy briefs, others are already full-grown studies with extensive background information. It notes that the most striking feature of the NAMAs is that they really do aim at a fundamental transformation of the sub-sectors they address. Unlike the CDM, which are confined to local projects, most of the NAMAs aim at whole sectors or at the implementation of new technologies at national level. From the case studies the report notes that NAMAs have the potential to address CO2 mitigation at an adequate scale. It also opens up the possibility to develop North-South cooperation at a strategic political level.

The report concludes that when the quantification of emission reductions is difficult, one option is to choose indicators other than GHG emissions to MRV the implementation of a NAMA. In practice, an adequate mix of emission based and non-emission based indicators are the best way forward for the success of NAMAs with respect to both practicability and balancing GHG emission reductions versus other benefits.

The paper gives the following recommendations:

  • there is a need for an analysis to identify the most pressing issues for developing the conceptual framework for NAMAs further into a ready to apply policy instrument
  • capacity building and institutional support on NAMAs development and essential points are required
  • it will be necessary to agree on common templates for NAMAs to facilitate international MRV of NAMAs that seek international support
  • there is a need for procedures of how to measure, report and verify the impacts of a NAMA in order to develop NAMAs into an effective and efficient tool for climate protection and sustainable development
  • sources for financing NAMAs need to be combined effectively to enable the largest benefits possible for both the climate and sustainable development in relevant countries.
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