The consequences of past agricultural outputs on the interacting nutrition and health of autarkic peasants : evidence from Rwanda

The consequences of past agricultural outputs on the interacting nutrition and health of autarkic peasants : evidence from Rwanda

In rural areas of LDC, because of the existence of market imperfections, health and nutrition status may depend on the levels of specific agricultural productions and not only on the income level. However, these specific impacts have never been studied. We estimate, from a sequential technological model incorporating interactions between health and nutrition, the responses of health and nutrition status of autarkic agricultural households in Rwanda, due to variations in socio-demographic characteristics and in levels of specific crops. The model is supported by several tests. The estimations account for cluster-fixed effects and the sampling scheme. The food outputs have generally beneficial influences on health and nutrition, while the traditional beers output has a negative impact. A policy based on incentives for substituting cultures may be particularly favourable to health and nutrition of peasants. [author]

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