Counting on nature: how governments plan to rely on ecosystems for their climate strategies: An analysis based on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and the Paris Agreement

Counting on nature: how governments plan to rely on ecosystems for their climate strategies: An analysis based on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and the Paris Agreement

In Warsaw in November 2013, by its decision 1/CP.19, the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) invited “all Parties to initiate or intensify domestic preparations for their intended nationally determined contributions...towards achieving the objective of the Convention...”. This Issue Brief looks at how these contributions, or “INDCs”, translate intentions in terms of nature and biodiversity policies. The INDCs have been screened for that purpose, as well as the content of the Paris Agreement adopted on 12 December 2015. The brief identifies the countries which, in their commitments, have placed great emphasis on what are known as “nature-based solutions” (NBS), especially since the International Union for Conservation of Nature called for the development of such approaches in April 2015.
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