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  • Document

    Harnessing trade for development

    Oxfam, 2001
    Analysis of Oxfam's recommendations on trade reform and the WTO negotiation process, including radical reform of trade policies, agreements, and institutions at national, regional, and international levels, and a fundamental change of approach by governments.Oxfam opposes the launch of a 'comprehensive' new WTO round incorporating a range of new issues (such as investment, competition, and gove
  • Document

    Is the WTO serious about reducing world poverty?: the development agenda for Doha

    Oxfam, 2001
    This briefing outlines the issues which the WTO should address if it is to make an effective contribution to poverty reduction in developing countries.The paper, prepared in advance of the 2001 Ministerial Conference in Doha, argues that Uruguay Round outcomes were unfair to poor countriesMinisters should therefore commit the WTO to rebalance present agreements
  • Document

    Central Asia: fault lines in the new security map

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    This article indicates after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the independent states that emerged in Central Asia have been marked more by confrontation than cooperation. This is particularly emphasised in the three states that are the focus of this report: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.The article finds that:there are three ongoing military confrontations in the region.
  • Document

    Peace-making in the new world disorder: a study of the Afghan conflict and attempts to resolve it

    Institute for Development Policy and Management, Manchester, 2001
    This paper aims to contribute to an improved understanding of 1) the dynamics of the Afghan conflict 2) the interests and agendas of those involved in the fighting 3) the social and political transformation that has occurred in Afghanistan during the war 4) the ways the international community has attempted to resolve the conflict.
  • Document

    Kyrgyzstan at ten: trouble in the "island of democracy"

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    For most of the decade since it gained independence, Kyrgyzstan has been described as an island of democracy and stability in Central Asia.
  • Document

    Central Asia: Uzbekistan at ten: repression and instability

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    This article suggests that the mounting instability in Uzbekistan is caused by a failure to embrace real political or economic reform.
  • Document

    Central Asian perspectives on 11 September and the Afghan crisis

    International Crisis Group, 2001
    This article dicusses the impact of the military effort on Afghanistan on the five Central Asian nations (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan).The article indicates that:Central Asian countries are resisting what they perceive as their own islamic threattwo decades of conflict in Afghanistan have already had a major impact on Central Asia.
  • Document

    The State of The World's Refugees 2000

    United Nations [UN] High Commission for Refugees, 2000
    UNHCR's special 50th anniversary edition report looks at five decades of humanitarian action.
  • Document

    Understanding the poverty business interface: experiences from Tanzania

    Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, UK, 2001
    Uses case studies of five businesses operating in Tanzania explore the poverty business interface.Key lessons include:The core business activities of a successful business can have a positive impact on poverty through the creation of employment, through employment benefits such as medical provision for employees and their families, and through the supply of products and services tailore
  • Document

    Value chains

    Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, UK, 2001
    Looks at the nature and significance of value chains and supply linkages within the agricultural sector, and the importance for poverty reduction of ensuring equity within these.Key lessons emerging from experience include:There is a clear need to go beyond good social performance to have an effectively functioning value chainBuilding networks and creating trust along the supply cha

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