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  • Document

    Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: progress in implementation

    International Monetary Fund, 2001
    This article explores the progress to date in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) approach.The article concludes that:the PRSP approach is nearing its second anniversary, and the early experience has been encouragingmany low-income countries have developed their interim PRSPs and an increasing number will soon be completing their first full PRSPtheir attention will now s
  • Document

    International trade and the environment: a framework for analysis

    National Bureau of Economic Research, USA, 2001
    This paper sets out a general equilibrium pollution and trade model to provide a framework for examination of the trade and environment debate. The model contains as special cases a canonical pollution haven model as well as the standard Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson factor endowments model.
  • Document

    From nomadism to sedentarism: an analysis of development contraints and public policy issues in the socioeconomic tranformation of the pastoral Fulani of Nigeria

    Gamji, 2001
    This article discusses the status fo the Fulani pastoralists in Nigeria.The article concludes that:the socioeconomic transformation of the Fulani will not be achieved so long as the policy-makers ignore the environmental limitations and the sociocultural preferences of the pastoral Fulaniso long as the Fulani are distant from decision-making and implementation on matters affecting t
  • Document

    The World Bank

    Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001
    This article finds that:the World Bank’s Articles of Agreement (its charter) require that it lend only for productive purposesthe bank’s nature and practice ensure that its projects will have a high failure ratehe bank promotes risktaking, but only for its borrowerKey criticisms of the World Bankthe World Bank has power without responsibilityborrowers are driven
  • Document

    Is Argentina the coup de grace of the IMF’s flawed policy mission?

    Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001
    This article discusses the extent to which the Argentinian economic crisis delegitimises the IMF's promotion of free capital mobility around the globe.The article finds that:IMF's activities in Argentina, deviate radically from it's original mandate. This is because it was designed to support the U.S.
  • Document

    Greening the Bretton Woods institutions

    Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001
    This looks at how the U.S. should adopt new foreign policy to influence World Bank and IMF strategic activities in a positive manner.This article finds that:the IMF and World Bank have failed to integrate environmental sustainability into their lending, concentrating instead on export-led exploitation of natural resources.
  • Document

    The IMF and good governance

    Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001
    This article finds that:the IMF was created to solve short-term, external imbalances in national economies but has moved far beyond its original mandatethe IMF makes decisions with major implications for poor countries yet lacks the expertise to provide far-reaching policy prescriptions.
  • Document

    Structural adjustment programs & poverty reduction strategy

    Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001
    This article looks at the relationship between the US, the World Bank and developing countries, focusing particularly on the role of Structural Adjustment Policies applied by the World BankThis article finds that:the U.S. uses its dominant role in the global economy and in the IFIs to impose SAPs on developing countries and open up their markets to competition from U.S.
  • Document

    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas

    Pan American Health Organization, 2001
    This document: outlines the current epidemiological situation in the Americasdetails progress in preventionprogress being made in national, subregional and regional responsesoutlines future challenges and opportunities such asthe need to continue strengthening the capacity for monitoring and surveillance of the HIV/AIDS/STI situation at the national and regional level
  • Document

    Resolution on Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the Americas

    Pan American Health Organization, 2001
    This paper outlines the resolutions taken at the meeting of the 43rd Directive Council on AIDS in the Americas held in Washington DC between the 24 and the 28th of September 2001Considering the trends in the HIV/AIDS/STI epidemic in the Americas and their present and future impact, and recognising the need for a commitment by governments and society to respond effectively and with solidarity t

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