Showing 57431-57440 of 57531 results
- DocumentNatural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998Large numbers of rural households in Africa continue to generate some of their income from forest product activities. However, much of this involvement is in labour intensive low return activities that help to provide the poor with an income safety net, but which decline once better alternatives become available.DocumentNatural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 2000This paper examines the current wave of land tenure reform in eastern and southern Africa. It discusses how far tenure reform reflects a shift in powers over property from centre to periphery. A central question is whether tenure reform is designed to deliver to rural smallholders greater security of tenure and greater control over the regulation and transfer of these rights.DocumentDepartment for International Development, UK, 2010What examples are there of effective mobilisation of citizens/communities which have brought about improved education outcomes (quality and access) for poor men and women? Are there any examples where broader forms of social change have also taken place as a result or strengthening community action and choice in education services?Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001The first post-apartheid South African government aimed to establish democratic institutions and prosperity in a non-racial society. Pensions, housing subsidies, and land reform were to kick-start the process of equitable and sustainable development given their potential direct impact on poor people.Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001Regulation of the service sector in South Africa can act as a break on economic growth. The WTO can perhaps act as a catalyst for faster liberalisation of service sectors but there can be no substitute for domestically-driven reform. Faster reform could have positive knock-on effects for the rest of the economy but research is needed to inform this process.Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001Africa, it is noted, puts in a 'disappointing' economic performance as a continent, and yet aid is provided on an individual country by country basis. Regional partnership within Africa is thus discouraged. Should aid be a one-way gift to individual countries?Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the newest addition to the Bretton Woods family of international financial institutions. GEF has for a decade supported the implementation of the United Nations (UN) conventions to limit climate change and protect biodiversity by financing selected groups in eligible countries.Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001India is often represented as an over-regulated economy. Yet government has played a very limited role in the social services and in healthcare in particular.Documentid21 Development Research Reporting Service, 2001Have micro-credit programmes succeeded in meeting the needs of the poor? Are non-governmental organisations (NGOs) such as aid charities or private credit unions, better than governments at reducing poverty by bankrolling grassroots enterprise?DocumentConciliation Resources, 1997The burden of preserving the social order during conflicts often weighs on women. Women as survivors of war have special needs and perspectives that must be taken into account and incorporated into mechanisms of post-conflict reconstruction and peace-building.