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- DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998What are the “returns” to policy-oriented research in the social sciences? One presumes that the positive net benefits to society, or at least a certain segment of society, would be treated as returns, but how does one determine what these benefits are?DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Discussion of method and models for evaluating impacts of economic researchEconomic research generates a wide array of benefits. These include information, technological change, and improved policy. There are few quantitative studies of the benefits of economic research, and some benefits may be misattributed to biological and physical research.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Analysis of the economic impact of IFPRI research on the rice policy and marketing in Vietnam between 1995-1997.The research is described, and the conclusions and recommendations that emerged are discussed in the context of the decisionmaking processes in Viet Nam.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1999Policy research is valuable as a source of information for decisionmakers. The value of research is the expected social gain from policy decisions influenced by the information generated. The gain from a decision depends on choosing the best policy given the state of the world, which is uncertain. The output of policy research is a conclusion about that state.DocumentDevelopment Experience Clearinghouse, USAID, 1996Short set of methodological tips on how to undertake a participatory evaluationDocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The present land tenure situation in Uganda is essentially the result of four factors: customary tenure practices, the mailo tenure system introduced under the British colonial administration, the Land Reform Decree passed by Idi Amin’s government in 1975, and the disrupting social order under the Amin regime and during the period following its downfall.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998Tanzania’s well-known village establishment programme, which is called Ujamaa , allowed for the sedentarization of almost all rural residents in some 8 000 villages in the 1970s.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The ultimately disappointing results of past redistributive reforms caused contemporary policy-makers in Latin America to search for alternatives. In recent years, the issue of transforming tenure structure through the market mechanism has moved into the spotlight. This paper argues that it is extremely helpful to approach the topic from an institutional perspective.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1998The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997One of the youngest nations in the world, Eritrea became officially independent from Ethiopia in 1993 after a debilitating war that lasted more than 30 years. The country is not self-sufficient in cereals, even in the best productive years, and a large part of the population is still vulnerable, with a poor resource base and little purchasing power.