Showing 57321-57330 of 57823 results
- DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998A sharp rise in unemployment and a sharp rise in mortality have been two recurrent aspects of the process of transition. In response to the unemployment challenge transitional economies have equipped themselves with labour market policies (LMPs) derived from market economies' experiences.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998Reviews evidence for economic impact of information technology adoption in North, and relevance the South. Suggests research prioritiesThere is substantial evidence that new information technologies are in many ways transforming the operations of modern economies. More than half of employees use a computer at work in the most advanced industrial countries.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998Over the last thirty-five years, Costa Rican exports (in dollars) have grown at an average annual growth rate of 10.8 per cent. In the context of an import substituting industrialization and subregional integration, exports grew at increasingly higher rates through the sixties and seventies; but the severe external debt crisis in the early eighties led to export stagnation.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999In the current debate on the relationship between inequality in income distribution and growth one of the possible link works through the access to education. After reviewing this debate, a formal model shows how the imperfection of financial markets makes educational choices dependent on the distribution of family incomes.DocumentWorld Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999Recent mainstream analyses of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable, that there is no strong association between growth and inequality and that, therefore, poverty is best reduced through growth-oriented, rather than distributive, policies.This paper challenges this view.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Recent literature on industrial districts and enterprise clusters suggests that the grouping of enterprises into sectoral and geographic clusters gives rise to a certain collective efficiency that can enhance competitiveness and foster industrialisation.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Looks into the causes and the economic and social implications of the East Asian currency crisis. It discusses various approaches to policy design for crisis prevention and better crisis management.DocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951–1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of the evolution of poverty in India are described.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1998The UK has long played a leading role in natural resources research - but can it meet the poverty eradication objective of the 1997 White Paper on international development? Drawing on the capital assets framework, this paper examines how agricultural and natural resources research can impact on poverty, and what policy instruments can support pro-poor impacts.DocumentOverseas Development Institute, 1999The last decade has witnessed an explosion in the use of Participatory Rural Appraisal methods. Some advocates of the approach have even claimed that PRA represents a 'new scientific paradigm'. This paper examines these claims, highlighting influences from post-modern philosophy and exploring the social theory underlying the proposed paradigm.