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  • Document

    Unemployment, Labour Policies and Health in Transition: Evidence from Kazakhstan

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    A sharp rise in unemployment and a sharp rise in mortality have been two recurrent aspects of the process of transition. In response to the unemployment challenge transitional economies have equipped themselves with labour market policies (LMPs) derived from market economies' experiences.
  • Document

    Information technology and economic development: an introduction to the research issues

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Reviews evidence for economic impact of information technology adoption in North, and relevance the South. Suggests research prioritiesThere is substantial evidence that new information technologies are in many ways transforming the operations of modern economies. More than half of employees use a computer at work in the most advanced industrial countries.
  • Document

    Costa Rica: Policies and Conditions for Export Diversification

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1998
    Over the last thirty-five years, Costa Rican exports (in dollars) have grown at an average annual growth rate of 10.8 per cent. In the context of an import substituting industrialization and subregional integration, exports grew at increasingly higher rates through the sixties and seventies; but the severe external debt crisis in the early eighties led to export stagnation.
  • Document

    Inequality in Income and Access to Education: A Cross-Country Analysis

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    In the current debate on the relationship between inequality in income distribution and growth one of the possible link works through the access to education. After reviewing this debate, a formal model shows how the imperfection of financial markets makes educational choices dependent on the distribution of family incomes.
  • Document

    Liberalization, Globalization and Income Distribution

    World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), 1999
    Recent mainstream analyses of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable, that there is no strong association between growth and inequality and that, therefore, poverty is best reduced through growth-oriented, rather than distributive, policies.This paper challenges this view.
  • Document

    Enterprise Clusters in Africa: On the Way to Industrialisation?

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Recent literature on industrial districts and enterprise clusters suggests that the grouping of enterprises into sectoral and geographic clusters gives rise to a certain collective efficiency that can enhance competitiveness and foster industrialisation.
  • Document

    The East Asian Financial Crisis: A Reflection on its Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications

    Institute of Development Studies UK, 1998
    Looks into the causes and the economic and social implications of the East Asian currency crisis. It discusses various approaches to policy design for crisis prevention and better crisis management.
  • Document

    Poverty in India and Indian States: An Update

    International Food Policy Research Institute, 1998
    A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951–1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of the evolution of poverty in India are described.
  • Document

    Reaching the poor? Developing a Poverty Screen for Agricultural Research Proposals

    Overseas Development Institute, 1998
    The UK has long played a leading role in natural resources research - but can it meet the poverty eradication objective of the 1997 White Paper on international development? Drawing on the capital assets framework, this paper examines how agricultural and natural resources research can impact on poverty, and what policy instruments can support pro-poor impacts.
  • Document

    Relativism in Agricultural Research and Development: Is Participation a Post-Modern Concept?

    Overseas Development Institute, 1999
    The last decade has witnessed an explosion in the use of Participatory Rural Appraisal methods. Some advocates of the approach have even claimed that PRA represents a 'new scientific paradigm'. This paper examines these claims, highlighting influences from post-modern philosophy and exploring the social theory underlying the proposed paradigm.

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