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The distributional impact of taxes and transfers: evidence from eight low- and middle-income countriesWorld Bank Publications, 2017This study presents a set of studies for low- and middle-income countries that use the CEQ approach to examine the distributional effects of individual taxes, transfers, and subsidies as well as their combined impact. Most of the case studies were produced with the objective of informing the World Bank in-country dialogue on fiscal policy or fiscal reform.DocumentWorld Bank Publications, 2007Over the past half century, Ethiopia has gone through three ideologically distinct political regimes: the monarchic regime during 1950-1974, the central planning regime during 1974-1991, and the regime that has been in power since the collapse of Derge regime in May 1991.DocumentWorld Bank Publications, 2016Ethiopia’s remarkable socio-economic transformation over the last decade has been marked by: a reorientation of expenditure from recurrent to capital; a significant devolution of resources from Federal Government to Regions; and a clear prioritization of infrastructure spending, while protecting spending on education at four percent of GDP.DocumentInternational Monetary Fund, 2015This Selected Issues paper reviews the evolution of inequality in Ethiopia and discusses the role of various macroeconomic policies as well as structural factors. With a Gini coefficient of 30, Ethiopia remains among the most egalitarian countries in the world. The most vulnerable households seem to experience less benefit from growth than those in the higher income deciles.Document
The practice of fiscal federalism in Ethiopia: a critical assessment 1991-2012: an institutional approachUniversité de Fribourg, 2015The long statehood history of Ethiopia is known for its decentralized governance system with many autonomous regions and principals ruled by hereditary regional chiefs under various titles, but accountable to King of Kings at the centre. The autonomous regions were not only paying annual tribute to the king of kings, but also had to cooperate with the centre.OrganisationDocumentGRID Arendal, 2018The relationship between sanitation and wastewater management is crucial in terms of Africa’s social, economic and ecological concerns. Providing adequate sanitation with proper wastewater treatment represents an opportunity in an era of increasing need to reclaim vital waste resources and lead the way towards the realisation of a circular economy.DocumentUrban Research Publications Limited, 2017In many parts of Africa, societies that remain primarily rural are experiencing accelerated urban growth and highly visible booms in property development. In the absence of significant industrialization, investment is pouring directly into what Lefebvre and Harvey characterized as the ‘secondary circuit’ of capital.OrganisationDocumentInternational Knowledge Sharing Platform, 2014In the Ethiopian government five year Growth and Transformation Plan, it has been clearly stated that efforts will be geared towards promoting compliance and equipping tax collection institutions with adequate enforcement power which will further boost revenue mobilization at federal and regional levels.