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Transactional sex and risk for HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis2016Young women aged 15 to 24 years in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. A growing number of studies have suggested that the practice of transactional sex may in part explain women's heightened risk, but evidence on the association between transactional sex and HIV has not yet been synthesized.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2017Barriers to young (especially unmarried) women’s participation in public spaces include the prevailing view that doing so violates social norms, young women’s often low level of education, and family expectations. Many young women have internalised their marginalisation and lack the confidence to participate in community forums.Document
ICT-facilitated accountability and engagement in health systems: a review of Making All Voices Count mHealth for accountability projectsInstitute of Development Studies UK, 2017Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and mHealth innovations hold great potential to improve health systems and health outcomes while at the same time enhancing citizen engagement and accountability. Yet there has been little assessment of the impact of mHealth innovations on the ground.DocumentDepartment for International Development, UK, 2017The definition of which settlements count as ‘urban’ in Zimbabwe is complex, creating uncertainty regarding the extent and nature of urbanisation.DocumentLeveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia, 2017In September 2013, the Parliament of India passed the National Food Security Act (NFSA) that made ‘right to food’ a legal entitlement for approximately three-quarters of the rural population and half of the urban population of India.Document2017This paper discusses selection in a dairy goat population for improved performance by conceptualizing it for a population in Tanzania. Seven strategies (5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 70, 100 test bucks) were simulated. A progeny test based selection breeding program fitting Mgeta (Morogoro, Tanzania) situation was optimized.Webform23 Jun 2017:DocumentSouth African Institute of International Affairs, 2017Tanzania faces significant development challenges. While gross domestic product growth remains relatively impressive, many sectors are growing off a small base. Both the longevity of the acceleration and the quality of the growth are in question. Tanzania’s educational outcomes remain poor, and young people are less likely to find good quality employment.DocumentEconomic Research Forum, Egypt, 2017Change in gender role attitudes is a neglected dimension of research on the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa that has broad implications for young people’s outcomes, as well as attitudinal change in the region over time.DocumentEconomic Research Forum, Egypt, 2017Cross-nationally, having a working mother during childhood is associated with more egalitarian attitudes among both adult men and women. However, no previous studies have explored this relationship in the Middle East and North Africa, where women’s employment rates have remained persistently low.