Managing climate extremes and disasters in Asia: lessons from the IPCC SREX report
The report highlights ten key messages.
- Disaster risk will continue to increase; Asia already has more than 90 per cent of the global population exposed to tropical cyclones.
- Evidence suggests that climate change has changed the magnitude and frequency of some extreme weather events.
- Year-to-year variation will remain more significant than any other upward trends for the next two or three decades.
- Uncertainty remains high for some regions and extremes, for instance drought trends across Asia.
- Greater vulnerability and more severe and frequent climate extremes could increasingly impact the living and working conditions in vulnerable places, such as low-lying islands and coastal areas.
- There should be more emphasis on anticipation and risk reduction, for example the introduction of index-linked insurance for non-irrigated crops.
- Existing risk management measures need to be improved; for example Indonesia has created a strong association between disaster risk management and development planning processes.
- Countries’ capacity to meet challenges is determined by the effectiveness of their national risk management systems.
- Fundamental adjustments are needed in the most vulnerable areas.
- Any delay in greenhouse gas mitigation is likely to lead to greater disaster losses.