Human Development Report 2009. Overcoming barriers: human mobility and development
A case for a comprehensive set of reforms that can provide major benefits to migrants, communities and countries are set out, which address the two most important dimensions of the mobility agenda that offer scope for better policies: admissions and treatment. The reforms laid out in the proposed core package have medium- to long-term payoffs. They speak not only to destination governments but also to governments of origin, to other key actors – in particular the private sector, unions and NGOs – and to individual migrants themselves.
Recommendations in the report include:
- advancing this agenda will require strong, enlightened leadership coupled with a more determined effort to engage with the public and raise their awareness about the facts around migration
- for origin countries, more systematic consideration of the profile of migration and its benefits, costs and risks would provide a better basis for integrating movement into national development strategies
- for destination countries, the ‘how and when’ of reforms will depend on a realistic look at economic and social conditions, taking into account public opinion and political constraints at local and national levels
- international cooperation, especially through bilateral or regional agreements, can lead to better migration management, improved protection of migrants’ rights and enhanced contributions of migrants to both origin and destination countries
- some regions are creating free-movement zones to promote freer trade while enhancing the benefits of migration—such as West Africa and the Southern Cone of Latin America. The expanded labour markets created in these regions can deliver substantial benefits to migrants, their families and their communities
- there are calls to create a new global regime to improve the management of migration: over 150 countries now participate in the Global Forum on Migration and Development. Governments, faced with common challenges, develop common responses.