Rapid literature review: Gender in Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations

Rapid literature review: Gender in Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations

This rapid review collates a large amount of literature published in 2013 and 2014 (up to April 2014) on the topic of gender in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS). It is not a systematic or exhaustive review, but does provide a comprehensive overview of the literature available. It includes all types of available written material, including peer-reviewed articles, impact evaluations, policy papers, NGO position papers, toolkits, and UN documents. 

The report is broken down into seven thematic sections requested by the European Commission: 

  • gender and justice;
  • women’s leadership and political participation;
  • women’s access to economic empowerment and opportunities;
  • combatting sexual and gender based violence;
  • women, peace and security;
  • responsiveness of plans and budgets to gender equality;
  • gender equality and women’s empowerment.

The first section (Global) collates articles under these headings, and reflects global or broad literature which looks at these issues from a wide perspective. The second section (Regional) collates articles which look at specific country case studies, grouped by world region. Within these sections, literature is also grouped under the seven thematic headings to enable quick reference to these topics. 

The literature refers to any situations of conflict or disaster within a country, not necessarily only in countries identified as fragile states. The report focuses on some specific countries of interest identified by the EC: Bolivia, Chad, Colombia, DR of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Georgia, Haïti, India, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, West Bank and Gaza, and Zimbabwe. 

All sections group articles in reverse chronological order, with the most recent first. The large majority of literature comes from Sub-Saharan Africa, while Central Asia and Latin America are the least described. The researchers conducted a comprehensive search in Google Scholar using the thematic keywords. This was followed by thematic searches for each specified country and review of relevant websites and databases such as ReliefWeb, ALNAP and Saferworld. 

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