African Property Tax Initiative Library

Africa is the fastest urbanising continent on the planet. In order to provide citizens with adequate public goods and services and invest in the required infrastructure, African cities need sufficient and sustainable revenues. Property taxation is equitable, and provides stable funding for local governments. In developed countries, property taxes are the mainstay of local funding, with collection amounting to 2.2% of GDP on average.

In developing and transition countries, the average yield is 0.6% of GDP, while in Africa the tally averages a mere 0.38%. With many African cities booming, this represents a significant opportunity: If prosperous African cities could increase the proportion of tax collected from property, they could do much more to improve the quality of life of their communities. 

African countries face a number of technical, administrative, and political challenges in increasing property tax revenues, and research is needed to inform reform processes. To this end, the African Property Tax Initiative (APTI) was established in 2017. It is coordinated by the International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. This library is intended to be of use to APTI members, with resources on the Initiative’s four core themes.

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  • Policy implementation under stress: central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, 2018
    Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation between central and local government agencies in a developing country context. The administration of property taxes (PT) in Tanzania has been oscillating between decentralised and centralised collection regimes.The paper examines how inter-organisational cooperation influenced implementation of the reforms....
  • Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, 2017
    The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities are now faced with a governance crisis. The restructuring of governmental functions and finances has entered the core of the development debate.Policy makers are increasingly aware of the potential and need to mobilise domestic revenues through broad based property taxation....
  • Property taxation in anglophone East Africa: case study of Tanzania

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2010
    The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and the African Tax Institute (ATI), located at the University of Pretoria in South Africa, are awarding Research Fellowships to African Scholars through a joint partnership to undertake research on property related taxation in all 54 African countries....
  • Property taxation in francophone Central Africa: case study of Cameroon

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI ), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa....
  • Property taxation in francophone Southern Africa: case study of Comoros

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI ), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa....
  • Property taxation in francophone Central Africa: case study of Gabon

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI ), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa....
  • Property taxation in francophone Africa 4: case study of niger

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa. Its goal is to collect data and issue reports on the present status and future prospects of property-related taxes in all 54 African countries, with a primary focus on land and building taxes and real property transfer taxes....
  • Property taxation in three francophone countries in West and Central Africa: regional overview

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI ), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa....
  • An overview of property taxation in lusophone Africa

    Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2009
    The Lincoln Institute and the African Tax Institute (ATI ), located at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, have formed a joint venture to better understand property-related taxation in Africa....

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